Saturday, November 21, 2015

Book Review: A Lost God in a Lost World

In his book A Lost God for a Lost World: From deception to deliverance; a plea for authentic Christianity, Melvin Tinker presents the key truths about "the lostness of man, the greatness of God and the glory of the future which will correct much wrong thinking and behavior within the church, and so enable the church to effectively confront the world by holding out the Gospel."   He writes his book "to enable Christians to trust 'the God who is there' and his gospel and so enable them to move confidently into the world," (p. 22).

In Chapter 1 'When God is Weightless', the author rightly identifies idolatry as a constant problem not only for mankind in general, but also for God's people.  While the sovereign Lord of the universe is not "lost", Mr. Tinker contends that "the truth about the real God is disappearing fast.  What is more, when God is lost from sight, we become lost too.  A lost God results in a lost world.  In terms of purpose we never find satisfaction, in terms of morality, we have no fixed points and in terms of human life, it loses its unique value," (p. 29).

My first area of concern is found on pages 34-35.  Mr. Tinker quotes Isaiah 44:9 from the NIV which uses the phrase 'things that they treasure' to prove his point that idolatry is futile.  He footnotes that C.R. North translates the phrase as 'their darlings' to describe the treasured things in his book Second Isaiah.  The only other translation that uses the phrase 'their darlings' is the New World Translation created by the Jehovah's Witnesses (JW).  This similarity is ironic because the author admonishes the Christian believer for idolatry against the one true God, but he inadvertently advances a Bible translation that is used by a modern cult that worships a false god (JW do not believe that Jesus is God, but that Jesus was God's only direct creation).  Therefore, the promotion of this phrase could be seen as validating the Bible translation used by the Jehovah's Witnesses along with their false religion.

Next in Chapter 2, Mr. Tinker points out that the world, along with our individual lives, are in such a mess because of the Fall of man through pride.  He goes on to talk about the remedy of the Fall through the Lord Jesus Christ.  However, he uses very weak language to explain the work of Christ on the cross:  "Jesus as the King of Kings, through the deep tragedy of the cross, came to reverse the tragedy of the King of Tyre [referencing Ezekiel 28] by bearing our tragedy in our place," (p. 62, emphasis mine).  The diluted word 'tragedy' does not give justice to the atoning work that Jesus Christ did on on the cross, nor does it adequately describe the abiding sin in fallen man.  The Prophet Isaiah tells us that "he [Jesus] was wounded for our transgressions, he was bruised for our iniquities: the chastisement of our peace was upon him; and with his stripes we are healed," (Isa. 53:5).  And the Apostle Peter confirms that "his [Jesus] own self bare our sins in his own body on the tree, that we, being dead to sins, should live unto righteousness: by whose stripes ye were healed," (1 Peter 2:24).

In addition, Mr. Tinker does not give a clear Gospel message, but instead quotes the conversion experience of Professor J. Budziszewski (Chapter 2, pp. 63-64).  The professor's description does not include a recognition of sin, a repentance of sin, or an acknowledgment of Christ's atoning work for his sin.  God set forth Christ to be a propitiation through faith in his blood and to declare the His righteousness for the remission of sin (Rom. 3:25).  The Apostle Paul succinctly declares the Gospel message: "For I delivered unto you first of all that which I also received, how that Christ died for our sins according to the scriptures; And that he was buried, and that he rose again the third day according to the scriptures," (1 Cor. 15:3-4).  The author gives a better description of salvation on pages 70 and 92, but they are still not complete in light of the Scripture verses noted.  In Chapter 7 'When God is Embraced', Mr. Tinker rightly identifies that it is the Holy Spirit that regenerates man in the salvation process, but his subsequent statements are not consistent with the conversion example given in Chapter 2.

Next, Mr. Tinker does not write consistently on the sovereignty of God.  His word usage allows for a sense of Open Theism (the unorthodox view that though God is omniscient, He does not know what man will freely do in the future).  On page 58 the author states (emphasis mine): "Rather he [God] was allowing the overweening pride of man to follow its logical course."  And again on page 67 (emphasis mine): "First, does God ever intervene in life?"  If the answer to the question is negative, then "God will be insipid, distant and dull."  The author's poor word choice does not indicate that God is absolutely sovereign. However, God has declared the end from the beginning (Isa. 46:10-11) and His eternal purpose is unchangeable (Eph. 3:11).  Life is not a chess game in which God allows man to run the course of life as man pleases or intervenes to make sure His will is done.  The author upholds the sovereignty of God on page 72, and even renounces the 'Openness of God', but his previous word usage and writing contradict his latter statement.

One final area of concern is in Chapter 8 where the author favorably quotes Dallas Willard and N.T. Wright.  Mr. Willard espoused the tenets of Open Theism and promoted contemplative prayer.  Mr. Wright is a leading champion of the New Perspective on Paul.  Neither Open Theism nor the New Perspective on Paul align with orthodox Christianity.  Therefore, it is very dangerous to quote from them without a caveat to the reader.

Overall, when reading A Lost God in a Lost World, I could not determine whether Mr. Tinker was addressing the false professor in the church, the unregenerate outside the church, or the true believer whose life is not Christ-centered   Some of Mr. Tinker's statements are sound, but on the whole, I found his propositions either concerning and/or contradictory.  Many of his examples seem to be directed at the unregenerate in the world, which follows his concluding remarks that his book is to bring an "awareness of the real God [that] has been lost and replaced by idolatrous thoughts with the result that people are lost, that is, they become disoriented, dissatisfied and detached from God and so from reality," (p. 186).  True Christians, indwelt by the Holy Spirit of God, can never become detached from God.  However, from his preface, Mr. Tinker's initial goal is to correct wrong thinking and behavior in the church, which implies that he should be addressing Christians throughout the book; I did not find that to be the case.  I did not enjoy reading A Lost God in a Lost World, nor did I gain any additional insight into furthering my sanctification or helping my local church as a Christian; therefore, I do not recommend reading it.

Full Disclosure:  I received a free copy of this book in exchange for an honest review.

Thursday, November 19, 2015

Is the King James Rendering of Romans 8:1 Spurious?

"There is therefore now no condemnation to them which are in Christ Jesus, who walk not after the flesh, but after the Spirit," (Rom. 8:1).

Many scholars today argue that the phrase 'who walk not after the flesh, but after the Spirit' should not be in Romans 8:1 because it is not found in the "oldest manuscripts".  The oldest manuscripts usually refer to Codex Sinaiticus and Codex Vaticanus, which are the bases for the 19th century modern critical scholars who want to change and overthrow the Traditional Text of the New Testament.  If you want to read more of my post on the Traditional Text, please see the labels 'King James' and/or 'Traditional Text' on my blog.

Textual criticism of the Christian Bible is not a new concept.  The Modern Critical Text proponents of the 21st century are not the first ones to realize that there are textual variants, but they are more apt to disregard the preservation of God's Word in light of their own human knowledge.  Robert Haldane wrote his Exposition of the Epistle to the Romans in 1835.  Here is what he has to say about the phrase 'who walk not after the flesh, but after the Spirit' in Romans 8:1 (p. 314):

"Who walk not after (according to) the flesh, but after (according to) the Spirit.--These words not being found in all the manuscripts, are considered by some spurious.  But they connect perfectly well with the preceding clause of the verse, as characterizing those who are in Christ Jesus.  In no respect, however, do they assign the cause of exemption from condemnation to them who are in Christ.  The Apostle does not say, because they do not walk, but who walk, not after the flesh, but after the Spirit.  There is an essential difference between asserting the character of those who are freed from condemnation, and declaring the cause of their being delivered from it.  These words refer to the proof of our justification, which proceeds from the efficacy of the Holy Spirit in our hearts, who applies the merit of the blood of Jesus and imparts a new and eternal life, opposed to sin and corruption, which the Scriptures call death in sin, for the minding of the flesh is death, but the minding of the Spirit is life.  In this way, then, we may be assured that we are in Christ Jesus, and that there is no condemnation to us, if we experience the effects of His Spirit in our hearts causing us to walk in holiness.  For the life which Jesus Christ has merited for us on the cross, consists not only in the remission of sins, which is a removal of what is evil, but also in the communication of what is good, namely, in our bearing the image of God.  The same words as in the clause before us occur again in verse 4th, in which their genuineness is not disputed, where their full import shall be considered."

Mr. Haldane completely and succinctly reconciles the phrase with what the Apostle Paul has previously said and reminds us that the same phrase will be used in verse 4 of the same chapter.  Instead of trying to rip this phrase out of the Bible, he persuasively argues for its preservation.  If we only had more men like Mr. Haldane in today's world of Christian scholarship; men that lift up the Word of God, rather than tear it down.

***
"For the law of the Spirit of life in Christ Jesus hath made me free from the law of sin and death.  For what the law could not do, in that it was weak through the flesh, God sending his own Son in the likeness of sinful flesh, and for sin, condemned sin in the flesh: That the righteousness of the law might be fulfilled in us, who walk not after the flesh, but after the Spirit," (Rom. 8:2-4).

Wednesday, November 18, 2015

Profiting from the Word - Chapter 5

In Chapter 5 "The Scriptures and Good Works" of Profiting from the Word, A.W. Pink considers how the Word's teaching about God and Christ, its reproofs and corrections for sin, and its instruction in connection with prayer furnish the Christian unto all good works.  As part of my family devotional study of this book, I've decided to post my thoughts chapter by chapter and to include portions from the book that are helping me improve my daily Bible reading and study. You can read my notes from Chapter 1 here, Chapter 2 here, Chapter 3 here, and Chapter 4 here.

The honest soul, with the help of the Holy Spirit, may ascertain whether or not his reading and study of the Word is really benefiting him by understanding:
  1. The Place of Good Works--"To suppose that the hearts of the regenerate are not as much and as effectually influenced with the authority and commands of God unto obedience as they were given in order unto their justification, is to ignore what true faith is, and what are the arguments and motives whereby the minds of Christians are principally affected and constrained. Moreover it is to lose sight of the inseparable connection which God has made between our justification and our sanctification: to suppose that one of these may be without the other is to overthrow the whole Gospel."
  2. The Necessity of Good Works--"All would like to go to heaven, but who among the multitudes of professing Christians are really willing and determined to walk that narrow way which alone leads thereto? It is at this point that we may discern the precise place which good works have in connection with salvation. They do not merit it, yet they are inseparable from it. They do not procure a title to heaven, yet they are among the means which God has appointed for His people’s getting there. In no sense are good works the procuring cause of eternal life, but they are part of the means (as are the Spirit’s work within us and repentance, faith and obedience by us) conducing to it."
  3. The Design of Good Works--"The 'good works' are not for the directing attention to ourselves, but to Him who has wrought them in us. They are to be of such a character and quality that even the ungodly will know they proceed from some higher source than fallen human nature."
  4. The Nature of Good Works--"Supposing that what men regard as good works God will approve of too, they remain in the darkness of their sin-blinded understandings; nor can any convince them of their error, till the Holy Spirit quickens them into newness of life, bringing them out of darkness into God’s marvelous light. Then it will appear that only those are good works which are done in obedience to the will of God (Rom 6:16), from a principle of love to Him (Heb 10:24), in the name of Christ (Col 3:17), and to the glory of God by Him (1Co 10:31)."
  5. The True Source of Good Works--"The unregenerate have no power to perform works in a spiritual manner, and therefore it is written, “there is none that doeth good, no, not one” (Rom 3:12). Nor are they able to: they are “not subject to the law of God neither indeed can be” (Rom 8:7). Hence, even the ploughing of the wicked is sin (Pro 21:4). Nor are believers able to think a good thought or perform a good work of themselves (2Co 3:5): it is God who works in them “both to will and to do of His good pleasure” (Phi 2:13)."
  6. The Great Importance of Good Works--"Condensing as far as possible: “good works” are of great importance because by them God is glorified (Mat 5:16), by them the mouths of those who speak against us are closed (1Pe 2:12), by them we evidence the genuineness of our profession of faith (Jam 2:13-17)."
  7. The True Scope of Good Works--"This is so comprehensive as to include the discharge of our duties in every relationship in which God has placed us. It is interesting and instructive to note the first “good works” in Holy Writ, namely the anointing of the Saviour by Mary of Bethany (Mat 26:10; Mar 14:6)."
Mr. Pink leaves us with the following application of good works: "'That ye might walk worthy of the Lord unto all pleasing, being fruitful in every good work' (Col 1:10). The bringing up (not 'dragging' up!) of children, lodging (spiritual) strangers, washing the saints’ feet (ministering to their temporal comforts), and relieving the afflicted (1Ti 5:10) are spoken of as 'good works.' Unless our reading and study of the Scriptures is making us better soldiers of Jesus Christ, better citizens of the country in which we sojourn, better members of our earthly homes (kinder, gentler, more unselfish), 'thoroughly furnished unto all good works,' it is profiting us little or nothing."


***
"Now the God of peace, that brought again from the dead our Lord Jesus, that great shepherd of the sheep, through the blood of the everlasting covenant, Make you perfect in every good work to do his will, working in you that which is wellpleasing in his sight, through Jesus Christ; to whom be glory for ever and ever. Amen," (Heb. 13:20-21).

Wednesday, November 11, 2015

Profiting from the Word - Chapter 4

In Chapter 4 "The Scriptures and Prayer" of Profiting from the Word, A.W. Pink states that "a professing believer who prays not is devoid of spiritual life. Prayer is the breath of the new nature in the saint, as the Word of God is its food."  Christians can measure how much they profit from reading and studying the Word of God by the extent to which they use the Word of God as a directory for daily prayer.  As part of my family devotional study of this book, I've decided to post my thoughts chapter by chapter and to include portions from the book that are helping me improve my daily Bible reading and study. You can read my notes from Chapter 1 here, Chapter 2 here, and Chapter 3 here.

Christians profit from the Scriptures when they:
  1. Realize the Deep Importance of Prayer--"It is really to be feared that many present-day readers and even students of the Bible have no deep convictions that a definite prayer-life is absolutely essential to a daily walking and communing with God, as it is for deliverance from the power of the indwelling sin, the seductions of the world, and the assaults of Satan."
  2. Know How to Pray--"The Christian can no more pray without the direct enabling of the Holy Spirit than he can create a world. This must be so, for real prayer is a felt need awakened within us by the Spirit, so that we ask God, in the name of Christ, for that which is in accord with His holy will."
  3. Understand the Necessity of the Spirit’s Help--"We have inward wants as well as outward. Some of these may be discerned in the light of conscience, such as the guilt and defilement of sin, of sins against light and nature and the plain letter of the law. Nevertheless, the knowledge which we have of ourselves by means of the conscience is so dark and confused that, apart from the Spirit, we are in no way able to discover the true fountain of cleansing. The things about which believers do and ought to treat primarily with God in their supplications are the inward frames and spiritual dispositions of their souls."
  4. Learn the Right Purpose of Prayer--"God has appointed the ordinance of prayer with at least a threefold design. First, that the great triune God might be honored, for prayer is an act of worship, a paying homage: to the Father as the Giver, in the Son’s name, by whom alone we may approach Him, by the moving and directing power of the Holy Spirit. Second, to humble our hearts, for prayer is ordained to bring us into the place of dependence, to develop within us a sense of our helplessness, by owning that without the Lord we can do nothing, and that we are beggars upon His charity for everything we are and have...Third, as a means or way of obtaining for ourselves the good things for which we ask. It is greatly to be feared that one of the principal reasons why so many of our prayers remain unanswered is because we have a wrong, an unworthy, end in view."
  5. Plead God’s Promises--"Prayer must be in faith (Rom 10:14), or God will not hear it. Now faith respects God’s promises (Heb 4:1; Rom 4:21); if, therefore, we do not understand what God stands pledged to give, we cannot pray at all. The promises of God contain the matter of prayer and define the measure of it. What God has promised, all that He has promised, and nothing else, we are to pray for."
  6. Submit Completely unto God--"Prayer is an acknowledgment of our helplessness, and a looking to Him from whom all our help comes...We are to spread our case before God, but leave it to His superior wisdom to prescribe how it shall be dealt with. There must be no dictating, nor can we 'claim' anything from God, for we are beggars dependent upon His mere mercy. In all our praying we must add, 'Nevertheless not as I will, but as Thou wilt,' (Mat 26:39)."
  7. See Prayer as a Real and Deep Joy--"What is it which, under the blessing of the Spirit produces and promotes his joy in prayer? First, it is the heart’s delight in God as the object of prayer, and particularly the recognition and realization of God as our Father...Second, joy in prayer is furthered by the heart’s apprehension and the soul’s sight of God as on the throne of grace...Thirdly...freedom and delight in prayer are stimulated by the consciousness that God is, through Jesus Christ, willing and ready to dispense grace and mercy to suppliant sinners. There is no reluctance in Him which we have to overcome. He is more ready to give than we are to receive."
Mr. Pink gives a sharp rebuke for Christians who do not have a vibrant prayer life:

"Thus the purity and power of our prayer life are another index by which we may determine the extent to which we are profiting from our reading and searching of the Scriptures. If our Bible study is not, under the blessing of the Spirit, convicting us of the sin of prayerlessness, revealing to us the place which prayer ought to have in our daily lives, and is actually bringing us to spend more time in the secret place of the Most High, unless it is teaching us how to pray more acceptably to God, how to appropriate His promises and plead them before Him, how to appropriate His precepts and turn them into petitions, then not only has the time we spend over the Word been to little or no soul enrichment, but the very knowledge we have acquired of its letter will only add to our condemnation in the day to come."

 
***
"O generation of vipers, how can ye, being evil, speak good things? for out of the abundance of the heart the mouth speaketh," (Matt. 12:34).

"But be ye doers of the word, and not hearers only, deceiving your own selves," (James 1:22).

Saturday, November 7, 2015

Christmas & the Christian


I'm listening to a 7-part sermon series preached in 1994-95 by Pastor Albert Martin of Trinity Baptist Church.  The first sermon "Christmas and the Christian 1" was preached on 12/18/94.  Looking back I had only been a Christian about 3 months when he started this series at his church.  I did not even think about the possibility of not celebrating Christmas at that time; I had been celebrating it my whole life.  I knew Christmas was celebrating Jesus' birthday, but I had no clue who he was.  It was Santa Claus that brought the presents anyway.  Whether or not Santa was real made no difference to me as a child because I still got what I wanted from the Sears toy catalog...

Thankfully, the Lord has grown my husband and me spiritually over the past 21 years.  We are now convicted under the Regulative Principle of Worship not to celebrate Christmas in a corporate setting, and as a matter of Christian liberty, we don't celebrate it in private worship either.

I was interested to hear what Pastor Martin had to say on this subject.  Some Christians think that my family is legalistic because we don't celebrate Christmas and some think that we are missing a good opportunity to witness to the lost.  However, we view our decision as biblical.  We worship the Lord corporately and privately the same way through the preaching and hearing of His Word, singing, and prayer (LBCF 22.5).  The ordinances of the Lord's Supper and Baptism are additional aspects of worship, but those should only be done by called church officers, so we don't participate in them outside of corporate worship.

Pastor Martin was very aware that his sermon on Christmas would cause discomfort and possibly anger or contention in his congregation.  Nevertheless, he made the following bold statement:

"There is no biblical warrant for the remembrance of the birth of our Lord Jesus Christ by means of a special designated day of religious or social celebration."

He drew two conclusions from this statement:

"The conscience of no Christian should ever be bound to have any sense of duty to observe in any way December 25th as a day of religious or social celebration."

"No Christian church can impose upon its people in their corporate life and worship any activities or objects which would indicate any special significance attached to December 25th."

In 1994, December 25th fell on a Sunday.  He gave this admonition to the church members:

"He [God] has designated a whole day for Himself...If you're prepared to take December 25th and let it alter one iota--keeping a day wholly unto God, fulfilling all your biblical and church responsibilities from morning till night--you're proving that you've allowed the world and the pressure of relatives and conformity to custom to be more important than the will of Christ as revealed in the Word of Christ.  No amount of rationalization will cut it; you don't keep that Day unto the Lord by disobeying the Lord."

December 25th fell on a Sunday in 2011.  My husband and I were just learning about the Regulative Principle of Worship earlier that fall and developing a true understanding of the Lord's Day.  We decided not to celebrate Christmas anymore when we learned that many churches in our area canceled Sunday church services so that staff and members could spend Christmas at home with their families.  Christmas has eclipsed the true worship of God, not only in the world, but also in the Church of God.


***
"Go ye therefore, and teach all nations, baptizing them in the name of the Father, and of the Son, and of the Holy Ghost: Teaching them to observe all things whatsoever I [Jesus] have commanded you: and, lo, I am with you alway, even unto the end of the world. Amen," (Matt. 28:19, emphasis mine).

Wednesday, November 4, 2015

Profiting from the Word - Chapter 3


In Chapter 3 "The Scriptures and Christ" of Profiting from the Word, A.W. Pink states that "[a]part from the Scriptures, He [Jesus Christ] cannot be known.  In them alone He is revealed."  Christians can measure how much they profit from reading and studying the Word of God by the extent to which Christ is becoming more real and precious to them.  As part of my family devotional study of this book, I've decided to post my thoughts chapter by chapter and to include portions from the book that are helping me improve my daily Bible reading and study. You can read my notes from Chapter 1 here and Chapter 2 here.

Christians profit from the Scriptures when the Word of God:
  1. Reveals Their Need of Christ--"Man in his natural estate deems himself self-sufficient...The more the Spirit deepens His work of grace in the regenerated soul, the more that individual is made conscious of his pollution, his sinfulness, and his vileness; and the more does he discover his need of and learn to value that precious, precious, blood which cleanses from all sin...Yes, the more we are truly profiting from our reading of the Scriptures, the more do we feel our need of Him."
  2. Makes Christ More Real--"To the multitudes Christ is but a name, or at most a historical character. They have no personal dealings with Him, enjoy no spiritual communion with Him...it is the one who by grace is treading the path of obedience to whom the Lord Jesus grants manifestations for Himself. And the more frequent and prolonged these manifestations are, the more real He becomes to the soul...Thus the more Christ is becoming a living reality to me, the more I am profiting from the Word."
  3. Engrosses Them in Christ’s Perfections--"It is a sense of need which first drives the soul to Christ, but it is the realization of His excellency which draws us to run after Him. The more real Christ becomes to us, the more are we attracted by His perfections...Our great need is to be occupied with Christ, to sit at His feet as Mary did, and receive out of His fullness...Is it your chief joy to get alone and be occupied with Him? If not, your Bible reading and study have profited you little indeed."
  4. Makes Christ More Precious--"Christ is precious in the esteem of all true believers (1Pe 2:7). They count all things but loss for the excellency of the knowledge of Christ Jesus their Lord (Phi 3:8)...The more we are engaged with Christ’s perfections, the more we love and adore Him. It is lack of experimental acquaintance with Him that makes our hearts so cold towards Him...The more precious Christ is to us, the more delight does He have in us."
  5. Increases Their Confidence in Christ--"Just as there is growing “from strength to strength” (Psa 84:7), so we read of “from faith to faith” (Rom 1:17). The stronger and steadier our faith, the more the Lord Jesus is honored...Above everything else there is one thing to be aimed at and diligently sought by earnest prayer: that our faith may be increased...Nothing more pleases, honors, and glorifies Christ than the confiding trust, the expectant confidence, and the child-like faith of those to whom He has given every cause to trust Him with all their hearts. And nothing more evidences those who are being profited from the Scriptures than an increasing faith in Christ."
  6. Deepens Their Desire to Please Christ--"Love delights to please its object, and the more our affections are drawn out to Christ the more shall we desire to honour Him by a life of obedience to His known will...It is not in happy emotions or in verbal professions of devotion, but in the actual assumption of His yoke and the practical submitting to His precepts, that Christ is most honoured...If Christ groaned under sin, we shall too, and the more sincere those groanings be, the more earnestly shall we seek grace for deliverance from all that displeases, and for strength to do all that which pleases our blessed Redeemer."
  7. Causes Them to Long for Christ’s Return--"At the return of Christ we shall be done with sin for ever. The elect are predestined to be conformed to the image of God’s Son, and that Divine purpose will be realized only when Christ receives His people unto Himself...Never again will our communion with Him be broken, never again shall we groan and moan over our inward corruptions; never again shall we be harassed with unbelief...The more we yearn for the coming One, the more we are trimming our lamps in earnest expectation of His coming, the more do we give evidence that we are profiting from our knowledge of the Word."
Under his sixth point, Mr. Pink exposes the lukewarm piety within the Christian Church today:  "It is at this point particularly that the genuineness of our profession may be tested and proved. Have they a faith in Christ who make no effort to learn His will? What a contempt of the king if his subjects refuse to read his proclamation! Where there is faith in Christ there will be delight in His commandments, and a sorrowing when they are broken by us. When we displease Christ we should mourn over our failure. It is impossible seriously to believe that it was my sins which caused the Son of God to shed His precious blood, without my hating those sins."

***
"What? know ye not that your body is the temple of the Holy Ghost which is in you, which ye have of God, and ye are not your own?  For ye are bought with a price: therefore glorify God in your body, and in your spirit, which are God’s," (1 Cor. 6:19-20).